General information about Prague

Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic and its political, culture and economic center. In 1992 the historical core of the city covering 866 hectares was listed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Register.

Area: 496 sqkm Population: 1,184,000
Geographical situation: north latitude 50° 05′, east longitude 14° 27′, height above sea level 235 m (average)
Time: Central European (GMT+1), summer time – Central European +1 (GMT+2)
Climate: average temperature 9,0°C
Summer season – July 19,0°C
Winter season – January -0,9°C

The Vltava river flows through the city in the length of 30 km, its maximum width being 330 m.

Prague represents an unique collection of historical monuments dominated by the Prague Castle which towers high above the city. The historical core of the city is situated on both banks of the Vltava river and consists of 6 parts – formerly independent urban units unified in the 19th century. They are next:: Stare Mesto (Old Town) including Josefov (Jewish Town), Mala Strana (Lesser Town), Hradcany, Nove Mesto (New Town) and Vysehrad. Naturally, most of the historical monuments, museums and galleries are concentrated right there.

Administrative division: 10 municipal areas, 57 municipal parts
Voltage: 220 V

Prague Attributes

Prague has always played an important role in the history of the nation, the country and the whole of Europe. She has cherished the reputation of one of the most beautiful cities in the world and has been paid tribute by outstanding personalities. During centuries she had been given various attributes:

Stony Prague – this attribute was given to Prague by merchant Ibrahim ibn Jakub, a member of a delegation to the German emperor in the 10th century, in his book of travels in which he depicted Prague admiringly as a “town built of stone and lime”.

Praga tocius Bohemiae domina – Prague, the Lady of the Czechlands – this expression was used by Kosmas, the renowned Czech chronicler in 1119. Another similar attribute is Praga mater urbium – Prague, the Mother of Towns.

Praga caput regni – Prague, the Head of the Kingdom – this expression was used during the Middle Ages, but the first person who speaked it out, according to the chronicle, was Jan Pasek of Vrat, who became the Prague Mayor and reigned over both the Old Town and the New Town. In 1518 he had this slogan written on the building of the Old Town Hall, where it can be still seen today, though its author died in oblivion.

Golden Prague – this attribute may date back to the period of Charles IV, the Czech King and German Emperor, when the towers of the Prague Castle were gilded. Another theory says that Prague got this attribute during the reign of Rudolf II who supported alchemists in their quest for gold. Then in 1882 Prague Mayor Tomas Cerny depicted Prague in his speech at the Town Hall as “Golden and Slavic “. Since 1884 a magazine called Golden Prague had been published and in its opening poem Adolf Heyduk, a well-known Czech poet, used this expression.

Prague, the City of One Hundred Spires – this attribute was probably given to Prague for the first time by writer Josef Hormayer at the beginning of the 19th century. Prague towers were first counted by mathematician and philosopher Bernardo Bolzano and he got to the number of 103, without counting water towers and private houses. Right now Prague has around 500 spires.

Prague, the Heart of Europe – Prague lies in the center of Europe, it is 600 km away from the Baltic Sea, over 700 km away from the Northern Sea, as well as from the Adriatic Sea.

Prague, the Rome of the North – if Rome was built on seven hills, then Prague was built on nine hills: Letna, Vitkov, Opys, Vetrov, Skalka, Emauzy, Vysehrad, Karlov and the highest of them – Petrin.

Prague Most

Highest elevation: 391 m above sea level, Kopanina
Lowest elevation: 177 m northern edge of Prague, where river Vltava leaves the city
Highest absolute temperature: 37,8 °C 1983
Lowest absolute temperature: – 27,6 °C 1785
Tallest tower: Telecommunications tower at Žižkov, 216 m
Highest steeple: St.Vitus´Cathedral, 96,6 m
Largest bell: Sigmund, St Vitus´Cathedral, height 2,03 m, diameter 2,56 m
Largest Square: Charles Square, 80 550 sq.m
Largest stadium: Strahov stadium, internal area 310,5 x 202,5 m, hold 220 000 spectators
Oldest metereological station: Clementinum, uninterrupted measurements since 1775
Oldest university: Charles University, founded in 1348
Oldest carillon: Loretta, dated 1694
Oldest railway station: Ferdinant Station, now Masaryk Station, 1845
First street with pavement: now Železná, 1803
First asphalt roadway: 1920
First numbering of houses: 1770
First power station: 1889 at Žižkov
First football ground: 1889
First coffee house: At the Golden Serpent, 1708
First pawn shop: At the Golden Lion on Lesser Town Square, 1747